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NCERT SOLUTIONS CLASS 11 INDIAN ECONOMY CHAPTER 1

INDIAN ECONOMY ON THE EVE OF INDEPENDENCE

EXERCISE SOLUTIONS

QI.1.1. What was the focus of the economic policies pursued by the colonial government in India? What were the impacts of these policies?

QI.1.2. Name some notable economists who estimated Indian’s per capita income during colonial period?

QI.1.3. What were the main causes of India’s agricultural stagnation during the colonial period?

QI.1.4. Name some modern industries which were in operation in our country at the time of independence.

QI.1.5. What was the two-fold motive behind the systematic de-industrialisation affected by the British in pre-independent India?

QI.1.6. The traditional handicrafts industries were ruined under the British rule. Do you agree with this view? Give reasons in support of your answer.

QI.1.7. What objectives did the British intend to achieve through their policies of infrastructure development in India?

QI.1.8. Critically appraise some of the shortfalls of the industrial policy pursued by the British colonial administration.

QI.1.9. What do you understand by the drain of Indian wealth during the colonial period?

QI.1.10. Which is regarded as the defining year to mark the demographic transition from its first to the second decisive stage?

QI.1.11. Give a quantitative appraisal of India's demographic profile during the colonial period.

QI.1.12. Highlight the salient features of India’s pre-independence occupational structure.

QI.1.13. Underscore some of India’s most crucial economic challenges at the time of independence.

QI.1.14. When was India's first official census operation undertaken?

Q.I.1.15. Indicate the volume and direction of trade at the time of independence

QI.1.16. Were there any positive contributions made by the British in India? Discuss.